Capitale Lubricants ATF

Test Results and PQIA Assessment

Product: Capitale Lubricants
Labeled: ATF
Manufactured By: American Automotive Lubricants & Fluids, LLC

Purchased at: West Orange, NJ

Website(s): None Listed 

 

Front Label
Back Label

Test Results and PQIA Assessment

Assessment Summary
The results of the tests conducted on this sample are consistent with the DEXRON®-III H specifications listed on the product label.

Physical Properties

Elemental Analysis

Labeling

This product is labeled as a “Premium Multi-Purpose Automatic Transmission Fluid,” and the label states that it “Meets performance of GM Dexron III H,” and it is “Recommended for all AMC, Chrysler, Ford, and General Motors and other domestic and imported passenger cars, vans, and light trucks.” In fact, Dexron IIIH is only a General Motors specification intended for GM transmissions built prior to 2005. Since that time, General Motor recommends use of Dexron VI. Further, Ford recommended the use of Mercon V starting in 1997, and Mercon LV since 2011. Chrysler recommends the use of ATF+4 since 2003. Therefore this product should NOT be used in “all AMC, Chrysler, Ford, and General Motors and other domestic and imported passenger cars, vans, and light trucks” as the label states.
The label also states “Premium Automatic Transmission Fluid delivers superior engine protection, while meeting the highest standards for antiwear and deposits” and that the product “Controls engine deposits.” This product is NOT an engine oil and its use in most car engines on the road today could cause harm to the engine. 
For more on ATF specifications, see PQIA ATF Quick Reference.
Although laboratory tests alone cannot be used to establish if engine oil meets an API Service Category, they can be used to determine if it doesn’t. The test results and PQIA assessment relates ONLY to the sample tested and the tests conducted.
Flash Point
Standard
Capitale
Status
Flash Point in ºC (ASTM D92)
170 Min -a
243

As defined by ASTM, “The flash point is one measure of the tendency of the test specimen to form a flammable mixture with air under controlled laboratory conditions.” The flash point of lubricants is an important consideration with regards to the flammability hazard of the product. 

Viscosity
Standard
Capitale
Status
Viscosity 100°C cSt
6.8 Min
7.2
Viscosity 40°C cSt
34.5
Viscosity Index
179
Brookfield Viscosity @-40ºC mPa s (cP)
20,000 Max
15,918

Viscosity is a critical measure that determines how thick or thin a lubricant is. Viscosity is measured by several methods to determine the behavior of motor oil during cold startups and while hot at operating temperatures.  >>More

Viscosity Index measures the change in viscosity with temperature. Viscosity Index improver additives are used to optimize viscosity at different temperatures. >>More

Detergent Additives
Standard
Capitale
Status
Calcium (ppm)
76
Magnesium (ppm)
1
Sodium (ppm)
<1
Barium (ppm)
<1

Detergent additives help to keep metal surfaces in an engine clean by controlling formation of deposits (i.e. sludge, varnishes). Such deposits can harm an engine by clogging oil passages that lubricate an engine, increase wear and reduce engine performance. A blend of calcium and magnesium-based detergents are most commonly used. A shift towards increased use of magnesium was required to address the needs of new gasoline direct injected (GDI) engines. >>More 

Detergent additives also help prevent corrosive wear by neutralizing acids formed as a by-product of combustion and other processes in an engine. Total Base Number (TBN) is a laboratory test that measures an oil’s ability to neutralize such acids. >>More

Antiwear Additives (parts per million)
Standard
Capitale
Status
Phosphorus
176
Zinc
7
Molybdenum
<1
Titanium
<1
Boron
83

Antiwear (AW) additives help protect metal surfaces against impact friction and wear between moving parts in an engine. Such additives work by adhering to metal surfaces and forming a protective film between moving surfaces. The most widely used AW additive are chemistries containing phosphorus and zinc. Some lubricant manufacturers also employ the use of antiwear additives containing boron, molybdenum and titanium among others.

Antiwear additives are multifunctional in that they also act as corrosion inhibitors and, more significantly, antioxidants.

For more on AW additives and other functional and performance additives used in motor oil… >>More

Contaminants (parts per million)
Standard
Capitale
Status
Silicon*
1
Silver
<1
Aluminum
<1
Chromium
<1
Iron
<1
Nickel
<1
Lead
<1
Antimony
<1
Tin
<1
Copper
<1
Cadmium
<1
Vanadium
<1
Potassium
<1
Manganese
<1
Lithium
<1

Although motor oil is subject to contamination from a number of metals related to wear, and abrasive material in the form of silicon when in use, new motor oil typically does not contain such metals at any appreciable levels. The presence of these metals (iron, aluminum, copper, lead, nickel, tin, sodium, potassium, etc.) in a new motor oil can indicate contamination from used oil, rust, abrasives, and others introduced to the product during blending, packaging, and/or transportation. Such contaminants can be harmful to an engine. Some can also be part of an additive, such as copper or sodium, but these are not often seen.

*Whereas silicon in the form of polydimethylpolysiloxane is commonly used as an antifoamant in motor oil, such use typically does not exceed 10ppm in new motor oil. Levels much above indicate possible contamination with abrasive material, silicone-based sealers, and/or transformer and hydraulic oil.

Note1: Standards are established by API, SAE and others.
Note2: Test Method for metal analysis is ASTM D5185.

  1. DEXRON® III, 170°C minimum.

Viscosity is a critical measure that determines how thick or thin a lubricant is. Viscosity is measured by several methods to determine the behavior of motor oil during cold startups and while hot at operating temperatures. Motor oils must meet Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) J-300 standards to conform to a specific viscosity grade. >>More

Viscosity Index measures the change in viscosity with temperature. Viscosity Index improver additives are used to optimize viscosity at different temperatures. >>More

Detergent additives help to keep metal surfaces in an engine clean by controlling formation of deposits (i.e. sludge, varnishes). Such deposits can harm an engine by clogging oil passages that lubricate an engine, increase wear and reduce engine performance. A blend of calcium and magnesium-based detergents are most commonly used. A shift towards increased use of magnesium was required to address the needs of new gasoline direct injected (GDI) engines.

Detergent additives also help prevent corrosive wear by neutralizing acids formed as a by-product of combustion and other processes in an engine. Total Base Number (TBN) is a laboratory test that measures an oil’s ability to neutralize such acids. >>More

Antiwear (AW) additives help protect metal surfaces against impact friction and wear between moving parts in an engine. Such additives work by adhering to metal surfaces and forming a protective film between moving surfaces. The most widely used AW additive are chemistries containing phosphorus and zinc. Some lubricant manufacturers also employ the use of antiwear additives containing boron, molybdenum and titanium among others.

Antiwear additives are multifunctional in that they also act as corrosion inhibitors and, more significantly, antioxidants.

For more on AW additives and other functional and performance additives used in motor oil… >>More

Contaminants: Although motor oil is subject to contamination from a number of metals related to wear, and abrasive material in the form of silicon when in use, new motor oil typically does not contain such metals at any appreciable levels. The presence of these metals (iron, aluminum, copper, lead, nickel, tin, sodium, potassium, etc.) in a new motor oil can indicate contamination from used oil, rust, abrasives, and others introduced to the product during blending, packaging, and/or transportation. Such contaminants can be harmful to an engine. Some can also be part of an additive, such as copper or sodium, but these are not often seen these days.

*Whereas silicon in the form of polydimethylpolysiloxane is commonly used as an antifoamant in motor oil, such use typically does not exceed 10ppm in new motor oil. Levels much above indicate possible contamination with abrasive material, silicone-based sealers, and/or transformer and hydraulic oil.

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