HALO 10W-30

Test Results and PQIA Assessment

Product: HALO Lubricants Synthetic Blend Product Number 10W-30
Viscosity Grade: Implied 10W-30 
Labeled: No specifications declared
Manufactured By: Distributed by Moonlight & Beyond, LLC Chicago, IL

Purchased at: Rineyville, KY
Date of purchase: 1/21/2022
Website(s):

Company Information:
Not available

Front Label
Back Label

Test Results and PQIA Assessment

Assessment Summary

Physical Properties

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Elemental Analysis

Labeling

The results of the tests conducted on this sample DO NOT meet the SAE J300 specifications for the Viscosity Grade implied on the product label, and are NOT consistent with any current API Service Categories.  Test results also indicate the product lacks a sufficient level of additives necessary to protect virtually all automobile engines currently on the road from wear and deposits, and it contains elements indicative of used oil and abrasive material.

Use of this product in virtually all automobile engines currently on the road will likely cause harm to the engine.

Test results on this sample indicate the product lacks a sufficient level of additives necessary to protect virtually all automobile engines currently on the road from wear and deposits. In addition, the viscosity at 100°C is 15% lower than the minimum specification for an SAE 10W-30 motor oil. Further, the levels of silicon, iron, copper and tin in the product indicate it may contain used oil and abrasive material. For these reasons, the product is NOT suitable for use in virtually all automobile engines currently on the road and will likely cause harm to an engine if used. 

In addition, the front label on the product prominently displays “10W-30.” The Petroleum Quality Institute of America considers this deceptive in that a reasonable person can readily interpret this to mean the motor oil is an SAE 10W-30 viscosity grade, which it is not, rather than a stated “Product Number.”

The labels on this product are not in compliance with NIST Handbook 130 -2020 (Current Edition)Uniform Laws and Regulations in the Areas of Legal Metrology and Engine Fuel Quality. Specific to this regulation, the label fails to identify the engine service category, or categories, as defined by the latest version of SAE J183, or the specific vehicle or engine manufacturer standards met. In addition, this regulation requires the product label displays the viscosity grade classification preceded by the letters “SAE” in accordance with SAE International’s latest version of SAE J300, Engine Oil Viscosity Classification. 

For more information on these Laws and Regulations, see NIST Handbook 130 2020 (see page 137, 2.33.1.1)

Although laboratory tests alone cannot be used to establish if engine oil meets an API Service Category, they can be used to determine if it doesn’t. The test results and PQIA assessment relates ONLY to the sample tested and the tests conducted.

Viscosity
Standard

HALO

Status
Viscosity 100°C cSt
9.3 to <12.5
7.9
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Viscosity 40°C cSt
50.0
Viscosity Index
127
Cold Crank Viscosity at -25°C
7,000 Max
6,126

Viscosity is a critical measure that determines how thick or thin a lubricant is. Viscosity is measured by several methods to determine the behavior of motor oil during cold startups and while hot at operating temperatures. Motor oils must meet Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) J-300 standards to conform to a specific viscosity grade. >>More

Viscosity Index measures the change in viscosity with temperature. Viscosity Index improver additives are used to optimize viscosity at different temperatures. >>More

Detergent Additives and Total Base Number (TBN)
Standard
Brand Name
Status
Calcium (ppm)
30
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Magnesium (ppm)
0
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Sodium (ppm)
1
Barium (ppm)
1
TBN, mg KOH/g (ASTM D2896)
<0.1
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Detergent additives help to keep metal surfaces in an engine clean by controlling formation of deposits (i.e. sludge, varnishes). Such deposits can harm an engine by clogging oil passages that lubricate an engine, increase wear and reduce engine performance. A blend of calcium and magnesium-based detergents are most commonly used. A shift towards increased use of magnesium was required to address the needs of new gasoline direct injected (GDI) engines. >>More 

Detergent additives also help prevent corrosive wear by neutralizing acids formed as a by-product of combustion and other processes in an engine. Total Base Number (TBN) is a laboratory test that measures an oil’s ability to neutralize such acids. >>More

Antiwear Additives (parts per million)
Standard
Brand Name
Status
Phosphorus
600 to 800 -a
345
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Zinc
138
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Molybdenum
<1
Titanium
<1
Boron
3

Antiwear (AW) additives help protect metal surfaces against impact friction and wear between moving parts in an engine. Such additives work by adhering to metal surfaces and forming a protective film between moving surfaces. The most widely used AW additive are chemistries containing phosphorus and zinc. Some lubricant manufacturers also employ the use of antiwear additives containing boron, molybdenum and titanium among others.

Antiwear additives are multifunctional in that they also act as corrosion inhibitors and, more significantly, antioxidants.

For more on AW additives and other functional and performance additives used in motor oil… >>More

Contaminants (parts per million)
Standard
Brand Name
Status
Silicon*
41
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Silver
<1
Aluminum
3
Chromium
<1
Iron
51
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Nickel
1
Lead
2
Antimony
<1
Tin
6
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Copper
27
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Cadmium
<1
Vanadium
<1
Potassium
2
Manganese
<1
Lithium
<1

Although motor oil is subject to contamination from a number of metals related to wear, and abrasive material in the form of silicon when in use, new motor oil typically does not contain such metals at any appreciable levels. The presence of these metals (iron, aluminum, copper, lead, nickel, tin, sodium, potassium, etc.) in a new motor oil can indicate contamination from used oil, rust, abrasives, and others introduced to the product during blending, packaging, and/or transportation. Such contaminants can be harmful to an engine. Some can also be part of an additive, such as copper or sodium, but these are not often seen.

*Whereas silicon in the form of polydimethylpolysiloxane is commonly used as an antifoamant in motor oil, such use typically does not exceed 10ppm in new motor oil. Levels much above indicate possible contamination with abrasive material, silicone-based sealers, and/or transformer and hydraulic oil.

Note1: Standards are established by API, SAE and others.
Note2: Test Method for metal analysis is ASTM D5185.

  1. This specification is expressed to one significant figure, therefore results between 550 and 849 are considered on specification.

Viscosity is a critical measure that determines how thick or thin a lubricant is. Viscosity is measured by several methods to determine the behavior of motor oil during cold startups and while hot at operating temperatures. Motor oils must meet Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) J-300 standards to conform to a specific viscosity grade. >>More

Viscosity Index measures the change in viscosity with temperature. Viscosity Index improver additives are used to optimize viscosity at different temperatures. >>More

Detergent additives help to keep metal surfaces in an engine clean by controlling formation of deposits (i.e. sludge, varnishes). Such deposits can harm an engine by clogging oil passages that lubricate an engine, increase wear and reduce engine performance. A blend of calcium and magnesium-based detergents are most commonly used. A shift towards increased use of magnesium was required to address the needs of new gasoline direct injected (GDI) engines.

Detergent additives also help prevent corrosive wear by neutralizing acids formed as a by-product of combustion and other processes in an engine. Total Base Number (TBN) is a laboratory test that measures an oil’s ability to neutralize such acids. >>More

Antiwear (AW) additives help protect metal surfaces against impact friction and wear between moving parts in an engine. Such additives work by adhering to metal surfaces and forming a protective film between moving surfaces. The most widely used AW additive are chemistries containing phosphorus and zinc. Some lubricant manufacturers also employ the use of antiwear additives containing boron, molybdenum and titanium among others.

Antiwear additives are multifunctional in that they also act as corrosion inhibitors and, more significantly, antioxidants.

For more on AW additives and other functional and performance additives used in motor oil… >>More

Contaminants: Although motor oil is subject to contamination from a number of metals related to wear, and abrasive material in the form of silicon when in use, new motor oil typically does not contain such metals at any appreciable levels. The presence of these metals (iron, aluminum, copper, lead, nickel, tin, sodium, potassium, etc.) in a new motor oil can indicate contamination from used oil, rust, abrasives, and others introduced to the product during blending, packaging, and/or transportation. Such contaminants can be harmful to an engine. Some can also be part of an additive, such as copper or sodium, but these are not often seen these days.

*Whereas silicon in the form of polydimethylpolysiloxane is commonly used as an antifoamant in motor oil, such use typically does not exceed 10ppm in new motor oil. Levels much above indicate possible contamination with abrasive material, silicone-based sealers, and/or transformer and hydraulic oil.

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