Mileage 365 Lubricants 5-30 Motor Oil

Test Results and PQIA Assessment

Product: Mileage 365 Lubricants
Viscosity Grade: No SAE Viscosity Grade Listed on Label
Labeled: No API Service Category Listed on Label
Manufactured By: UNKOWN

Purchased at: Youngstown, OH
Date of purchase: 8/8/2020
Website(s): No Website(s) Found 

Front Label
Back Label

Test Results and PQIA Assessment

Assessment Summary

Phyisical Properties

Elemental Analysis

Labeling

Use of this product in virtually all automobile engines will likely cause harm to the engine.

Mileage 365 5-30 

Although the label on this product does not claim it meets any API Service Category or SAE Viscosity Grade (or any other specification for that matter), the test results on this sample indicates the product lacks any meaningful level of additives to protect engines from wear, sludge, and corrosion. Also, the cold crank viscosity at -30°C is 76% higher than the specification for an SAE 5W-30 motor oil. Further, the levels of silicon, copper, aluminum, and iron in the product indicates it may contain used oil and abrasive material. For these reasons, the product is NOT suitable for use in automobile engines. 

In addition, the front label on the product prominently displays “5-30.” This could be interpreted by a reasonable person to mean the motor oil is an SAE 5W-30 viscosity grade, which it is not. Although the back label of the product states “5-30 means a motor oil with a viscosity ranging from 4 cSt to 12 cSt @ 100° Celsius,” this viscosity range is not consistent with any multi-viscosity motor oil as defined by SAE J300.

Note: The label on this product does not show the name or address of the manufacturer, packer, or distributor. This information is required to comply with the Uniform Packaging and Labeling Regulations in NIST Handbook 130 which states “Any package kept, offered, or exposed for sale, or sold at any place other than on the premises where packed shall specify conspicuously on the label of the package the name and address of the manufacturer, packer, or distributor. The name shall be the actual corporate name, or, when not incorporated, the name under which the business is conducted. The address shall include street address, city, state (or country if outside the United States), and ZIP Code (or the mailing code, if any, used in countries other than the United States); however, the street address may be omitted if it is listed in any readily accessible, well-known, widely published, and publicly available resource, including but not limited to a printed directory, electronic database, or website.”

Although laboratory tests alone cannot be used to establish if engine oil meets an API Service Category, they can be used to determine if it doesn’t. The test results and PQIA assessment relates ONLY to the sample tested and the tests conducted.
Viscosity
Standard
Mileage 365
Status
Viscosity 100°C cSt
9.3 to <12.5
11.2
Viscosity 40°C cSt
69.3
Viscosity Index
154
Cold Crank Viscosity at -30°C
6,600 Max
11,596

Viscosity is a critical measure that determines how thick or thin a lubricant is. Viscosity is measured by several methods to determine the behavior of motor oil during cold startups and while hot at operating temperatures. Motor oils must meet Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) J-300 standards to conform to a specific viscosity grade. >>More

Viscosity Index measures the change in viscosity with temperature. Viscosity Index improver additives are used to optimize viscosity at different temperatures. >>More

Detergent Additives and Total Base Number (TBN)
Standard
Mileage 365
Status
Calcium (ppm)
102
Magnesium (ppm)
51
Sodium (ppm)
1
Barium (ppm)
<1
TBN, mg KOH/g (ASTM D2896)
0.7

Detergent additives help to keep metal surfaces in an engine clean by controlling formation of deposits (i.e. sludge, varnishes). Such deposits can harm an engine by clogging oil passages that lubricate an engine, increase wear and reduce engine performance. A blend of calcium and magnesium-based detergents are most commonly used. A shift towards increased use of magnesium was required to address the needs of new gasoline direct injected (GDI) engines. >>More 

Detergent additives also help prevent corrosive wear by neutralizing acids formed as a by-product of combustion and other processes in an engine. Total Base Number (TBN) is a laboratory test that measures an oil’s ability to neutralize such acids. >>More

Antiwear Additives (parts per million)
Standard
Mileage 365
Status
Phosphorus
224
Zinc
83
Molybdenum
9
Titanium
1
Boron
14

Antiwear (AW) additives help protect metal surfaces against impact friction and wear between moving parts in an engine. Such additives work by adhering to metal surfaces and forming a protective film between moving surfaces. The most widely used AW additive are chemistries containing phosphorus and zinc. Some lubricant manufacturers also employ the use of antiwear additives containing boron, molybdenum and titanium among others.

Antiwear additives are multifunctional in that they also act as corrosion inhibitors and, more significantly, antioxidants.

For more on AW additives and other functional and performance additives used in motor oil… >>More

Contaminants (parts per million)
Standard
Mileage 365
Status
Silicon*
28
Silver
<1
Aluminum
4
Chromium
<1
Iron
6
Nickel
<1
Lead
1
Antimony
2
Tin
<1
Copper
81
Cadmium
<1
Vanadium
<1
Potassium
<1
Manganese
<1
Lithium
<1

Although motor oil is subject to contamination from a number of metals related to wear, and abrasive material in the form of silicon when in use, new motor oil typically does not contain such metals at any appreciable levels. The presence of these metals (iron, aluminum, copper, lead, nickel, tin, sodium, potassium, etc.) in a new motor oil can indicate contamination from used oil, rust, abrasives, and others introduced to the product during blending, packaging, and/or transportation. Such contaminants can be harmful to an engine. Some can also be part of an additive, such as copper or sodium, but these are not often seen.

*Whereas silicon in the form of polydimethylpolysiloxane is commonly used as an antifoamant in motor oil, such use typically does not exceed 10ppm in new motor oil. Levels much above indicate possible contamination with abrasive material, silicone-based sealers, and/or transformer and hydraulic oil.

Note1: Standards are established by API, SAE and others.
Note2: Test Method for metal analysis is ASTM D5185.

Viscosity is a critical measure that determines how thick or thin a lubricant is. Viscosity is measured by several methods to determine the behavior of motor oil during cold startups and while hot at operating temperatures. Motor oils must meet Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) J-300 standards to conform to a specific viscosity grade. >>More

Viscosity Index measures the change in viscosity with temperature. Viscosity Index improver additives are used to optimize viscosity at different temperatures. >>More

Detergent additives help to keep metal surfaces in an engine clean by controlling formation of deposits (i.e. sludge, varnishes). Such deposits can harm an engine by clogging oil passages that lubricate an engine, increase wear and reduce engine performance. A blend of calcium and magnesium-based detergents are most commonly used. A shift towards increased use of magnesium was required to address the needs of new gasoline direct injected (GDI) engines.

Detergent additives also help prevent corrosive wear by neutralizing acids formed as a by-product of combustion and other processes in an engine. Total Base Number (TBN) is a laboratory test that measures an oil’s ability to neutralize such acids. >>More

Antiwear (AW) additives help protect metal surfaces against impact friction and wear between moving parts in an engine. Such additives work by adhering to metal surfaces and forming a protective film between moving surfaces. The most widely used AW additive are chemistries containing phosphorus and zinc. Some lubricant manufacturers also employ the use of antiwear additives containing boron, molybdenum and titanium among others.

Antiwear additives are multifunctional in that they also act as corrosion inhibitors and, more significantly, antioxidants.

For more on AW additives and other functional and performance additives used in motor oil… >>More

Contaminants: Although motor oil is subject to contamination from a number of metals related to wear, and abrasive material in the form of silicon when in use, new motor oil typically does not contain such metals at any appreciable levels. The presence of these metals (iron, aluminum, copper, lead, nickel, tin, sodium, potassium, etc.) in a new motor oil can indicate contamination from used oil, rust, abrasives, and others introduced to the product during blending, packaging, and/or transportation. Such contaminants can be harmful to an engine. Some can also be part of an additive, such as copper or sodium, but these are not often seen these days.

*Whereas silicon in the form of polydimethylpolysiloxane is commonly used as an antifoamant in motor oil, such use typically does not exceed 10ppm in new motor oil. Levels much above indicate possible contamination with abrasive material, silicone-based sealers, and/or transformer and hydraulic oil.

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