THE PETROLEUM QUALITY INSTITUTE OF AMERICA​

The independent resource for information and insights on the quality and integrity of lubricants in the marketplace

THE PETROLEUM QUALITY INSTITUTE OF AMERICA​

The independent resource for information and insights on the quality and integrity of lubricants in the marketplace

Super Green Smokeless Motor Oil

Test Results and PQIA Assessment

Product: Super Green Smokeless Motor Oil
Viscosity Grade: Label does not declare viscosity grade
Labeled: Label does not declare performance specifications
Manufactured By: Red Max Fuels & Lubricants

Purchased at: Amazon 
Date of purchase: 10/22/2019
Website(s): supergreensmokelessoil.com

Front Label
Back Label

Note: Although there is no back label on the bottles purchased the case included the insert shown below:

Consumer Alert!

Due to the high viscosity, absence of additives vital to protecting an engine from deposits and wear, high phosphorus content, and labeling violations, PQIA has issued a Consumer Alert on Super Green Smokeless Motor Oil.  Use of this product in virtually all automobile engines will likely cause harm to the engine.

The results of the tests conducted on this sample shows a viscosity of 41.5 cSt @ 100°C and 244 cSt @ 40°C. The viscosity @ 100°C is nearly 60% higher than the highest motor oil viscosity grade limit as defined by  SAE J300.  A Cold Crank Viscosity at -25°C (test temperature for a 10W-30) could not be determined. Based on these test results, use of this product could cause pumpability issues at startup in cold temperatures. In addition, the high viscosity could compromise fuel economy and the flow of lubricant to vital engine parts.

In addition to issues with the product’s viscosity, the phosphorus content at 2,123 part per million (ppm) is significantly over the 800ppm maximum allowed for motor oils used in modern engines. Use of a product with high phosphorus content can poison a vehicle’s catalytic converter and result in unacceptable tailpipe emissions.  Adding to concerns about the phosphorus is the absence of any meaningful levels of calcium and/or magnesium, and zinc. This, together with the low total base number (TBN) indicates the product does not contain vital additives needed to protect engine from damage due to deposits and wear. 

A Consumer Alert is issued on this product for labeling issues as well.  Whereas the four bottles in the case purchased have a front label, there is no back label. The front label for this product identifies it as a “Smokeless Motor Oil”, but does not display any SAE Viscosity Grade, API Service Category, OEM specifications, or any other performance specifications.  Without this information, a consumer cannot determine if the oil meets the requirements for their engine. Further, without this information, the label on the product does not comply with Regulation for the Method of Sale of Commodities specified in National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Handbook 130. 

Although laboratory tests alone cannot be used to establish if engine oil meets an API Service Category, they can be used to determine if it doesn’t. The test results and PQIA assessment relates ONLY to the sample tested and the tests conducted.

Test Results and PQIA Assessment

Viscosity
Standard
Super Green
Viscosity 100°C cSt
41.5
Viscosity 40°C cSt
244
Viscosity Index
226
Cold Crank Viscosity at -25°C
N/A*

Viscosity is a critical measure that determines how thick or thin a lubricant is. Viscosity is measured by several methods to determine the behavior of motor oil during cold startups and while hot at operating temperatures. Motor oils must meet Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) J-300 standards to conform to a specific viscosity grade. >>More

Viscosity Index measures the change in viscosity with temperature. Viscosity Index improver additives are used to optimize viscosity at different temperatures. >>More

* Unable to get results at -25°C
Detergent Additives and Total Base Number (TBN)
Standard
Super Green
Calcium (ppm)
5
Magnesium (ppm)
1
Sodium (ppm)
2
Barium (ppm)
<1
TBN, mg KOH/g (ASTM D2896)
0.45

Detergent additives help to keep metal surfaces in an engine clean by controlling formation of deposits (i.e. sludge, varnishes). Such deposits can harm an engine by clogging oil passages that lubricate an engine, increase wear and reduce engine performance. A blend of calcium and magnesium-based detergents are most commonly used. A shift towards increased use of magnesium was required to address the needs of new gasoline direct injected (GDI) engines. >>More 

Detergent additives also help prevent corrosive wear by neutralizing acids formed as a by-product of combustion and other processes in an engine. Total Base Number (TBN) is a laboratory test that measures an oil’s ability to neutralize such acids. >>More

Antiwear Additives (parts per million)
Standard
Super Green
Phosphorus
2,123
Zinc
2
Molybdenum
<1
Titanium
<1
Boron
<1

Antiwear (AW) additives help protect metal surfaces against impact friction and wear between moving parts in an engine. Such additives work by adhering to metal surfaces and forming a protective film between moving surfaces. The most widely used AW additive are chemistries containing phosphorus and zinc. Some lubricant manufacturers also employ the use of antiwear additives containing boron, molybdenum and titanium among others.

Antiwear additives are multifunctional in that they also act as corrosion inhibitors and, more significantly, antioxidants.

For more on AW additives and other functional and performance additives used in motor oil… >>More

Contaminants (parts per million)
Standard
Super Green
Silicon*
2
Silver
<1
Aluminum
<1
Chromium
<1
Iron
<1
Nickel
<1
Lead
<1
Antimony
<1
Tin
1
Copper
<1
Cadmium
<1
Vanadium
<1
Potassium
<1
Manganese
<1
Lithium
<1

Although motor oil is subject to contamination from a number of metals related to wear, and abrasive material in the form of silicon when in use, new motor oil typically does not contain such metals at any appreciable levels. The presence of these metals (iron, aluminum, copper, lead, nickel, tin, sodium, potassium, etc.) in a new motor oil can indicate contamination from used oil, rust, abrasives, and others introduced to the product during blending, packaging, and/or transportation. Such contaminants can be harmful to an engine. Some can also be part of an additive, such as copper or sodium, but these are not often seen.

*Whereas silicon in the form of polydimethylpolysiloxane is commonly used as an antifoamant in motor oil, such use typically does not exceed 10ppm in new motor oil. Levels much above indicate possible contamination with abrasive material, silicone-based sealers, and/or transformer and hydraulic oil.

Note1: Standards are established by API, SAE and others.
Note2: Test Method for metal analysis is ASTM D5185.

  1. This specification is expressed to one significant figure, therefore results between 550 and 849 are considered on specification.

Viscosity is a critical measure that determines how thick or thin a lubricant is. Viscosity is measured by several methods to determine the behavior of motor oil during cold startups and while hot at operating temperatures. Motor oils must meet Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) J-300 standards to conform to a specific viscosity grade. >>More

Viscosity Index measures the change in viscosity with temperature. Viscosity Index improver additives are used to optimize viscosity at different temperatures. >>More

Detergent additives help to keep metal surfaces in an engine clean by controlling formation of deposits (i.e. sludge, varnishes). Such deposits can harm an engine by clogging oil passages that lubricate an engine, increase wear and reduce engine performance. A blend of calcium and magnesium-based detergents are most commonly used. A shift towards increased use of magnesium was required to address the needs of new gasoline direct injected (GDI) engines.

Detergent additives also help prevent corrosive wear by neutralizing acids formed as a by-product of combustion and other processes in an engine. Total Base Number (TBN) is a laboratory test that measures an oil’s ability to neutralize such acids. >>More

Antiwear (AW) additives help protect metal surfaces against impact friction and wear between moving parts in an engine. Such additives work by adhering to metal surfaces and forming a protective film between moving surfaces. The most widely used AW additive are chemistries containing phosphorus and zinc. Some lubricant manufacturers also employ the use of antiwear additives containing boron, molybdenum and titanium among others.

Antiwear additives are multifunctional in that they also act as corrosion inhibitors and, more significantly, antioxidants.

For more on AW additives and other functional and performance additives used in motor oil… >>More

Contaminants: Although motor oil is subject to contamination from a number of metals related to wear, and abrasive material in the form of silicon when in use, new motor oil typically does not contain such metals at any appreciable levels. The presence of these metals (iron, aluminum, copper, lead, nickel, tin, sodium, potassium, etc.) in a new motor oil can indicate contamination from used oil, rust, abrasives, and others introduced to the product during blending, packaging, and/or transportation. Such contaminants can be harmful to an engine. Some can also be part of an additive, such as copper or sodium, but these are not often seen these days.

*Whereas silicon in the form of polydimethylpolysiloxane is commonly used as an antifoamant in motor oil, such use typically does not exceed 10ppm in new motor oil. Levels much above indicate possible contamination with abrasive material, silicone-based sealers, and/or transformer and hydraulic oil.

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